Engineering plastics are plastics specifically designed for functional rather than aesthetic purposes. So these materials have special properties that make them suitable for various engineering applications. On this page, you will find everything you need to know about engineering plastics.
Engineering plastics have properties that make them suitable for different engineering applications. Here are some of the important properties commonly found in engineering plastics.
✓ Impact resistant
Engineering plastics have excellent strength and stiffness, making them resistant to high mechanical loads and stresses.
These plastics are known for their resistance to wear, abrasion and impact, making them very durable even after excessive use.
Technical plastics are resistant to various chemicals such as acids, bases and solvents.
✓ Heat resistance
Many engineering plastics can withstand high temperatures without deforming or losing their mechanical properties.
✓ Good electrical insulation
Certain engineering plastics have particularly high electricity-insulating properties.
Some engineering plastics are UV-resistant, making them resistant to degradation and maintaining their properties when exposed to sunlight.
Many engineering plastics are very strong for their light weight.
Many engineering plastics are easy to process or machine yourself.
To make a good choice among the various types of engineering plastics, it is useful to know more about their properties. Below, you will find more about the different types of engineering plastics.
Polyethylene’s toughness, chemical resistance, abrasion resistance and weldability make it a suitable choice for a wide range of applications, including those for the food industry. By varying the molecular weight in production, many types of PE can be manufactured. LDPE, LLDPE, MDPE, HDPE 300, HDPE 500, HDPE 1000 are the most common. With these different variants, engineers and manufacturers can choose the most suitable type of PE to meet their specific needs and design requirements.
Polyethylene (PE) in brief:
Our product range includes polyethylene (PE) in the variants HDPE 500 and 1000.
PVC is a rigid material with a high chemical resistance. This material glues well and has favourable electrical insulation properties. This makes PVC an ideal material for various applications. It is important to use UV stabilisers or additives to protect PVC from the degrading effects of UV radiation when you are going to use this board outdoors. Note that precautions should always be taken to avoid exposure to toxic fumes when PVC is burnt or raised to a high temperature in certain processes.
PVC in brief:
You will find a wide range of (solid) PVC in our product range.
Polycarbonate is known for its exceptional impact resistance and toughness, which surpasses Acrylic. These sheets are available in transparent and glass-like clarity, making them suitable for applications where optical quality is important. Polycarbonates also have good fire resistance, and low flammability. It is important to choose UV-resistant polycarbonate sheets to ensure long-term performance and prevent yellowing and brittleness due to exposure to UV light. Makrolon® and Lexan are two leading brands known for their reliable and high-quality polycarbonate products.
Polycarbonate (PC) in brief:
In our product range you will find clear, tinted and opal white variants of polycarbonate (PC) sheets.
Polyoxymethylene (POM) has good: chemical resistance, dimensional stability, a wide temperature range, and excellent machinability. This makes POM appropriate for use in applications such as the food industry. POM is therefore a versatile engineering plastic suitable for various applications. Especially for applications requiring precision, durability, chemical resistance and resistance to extreme temperatures. POM only becomes moderately brittle below zero degrees, and can even be stressed above 100 degrees Celsius. As a result, it can also be sterilised. This is useful for example in hospitals and laboratories. POM is sensitive to UV light.
Polyoxymethylene (POM) in brief:
You will not find polyoxymethylene in our range. As an alternative to polyoxymethylene, you will find solid PVC or PE in our range. These are slightly less dimensionally stable and can withstand lower temperatures.
Acrylic is UV-resistant, crystal clear, has low water absorption, good weather resistance and has the ability to collect static charges. The latter is only not useful in electrical appliances where an electrical discharge can have adverse effects.
Polymethylmethacrylate (Acrylic) in brief:
You will find many variants of polymethylmethacrylate (Acrylic) sheets in our product range.
Nylon (PA) is wear-resistant and has damping properties that allow it to handle both dynamic loads and high static pressure. In addition, nylon (PA) is chemical resistant, making it suitable for use in, for example, the food industry. Fillings and reinforcements with, for example, fibreglass are possible. This makes the material extremely strong. Nylon absorbs moisture, which means that the dimensions do not always remain exactly the same. This also makes nylon unsuitable for use as an electrical component. Nylon is not inherently UV-resistant.
Nylon (PA) in brief:
You will not find nylon in our product range. As an alternative to nylon, you will find HDPE 500 and 1000 in our range. These are also wear-resistant, but slightly less hard.
Polypropylene (PP) is a harder technical plastic than polyethylene (PE). Polypropylene can also tolerate higher temperatures than polyethylene (PE). Like a number of other technical plastics, polypropylene is also not inherently UV-resistant. Polypropylene has good heat-insulating properties and shows high elasticity. After loading is removed, this sheet will therefore return to its original shape. This also makes polypropylene (PP) very suitable for use in the food industry.
Polypropylene (PP) in brief:
You will not find polypropylene in our product range. As an alternative to polypropylene, you will find PE in our range as a good alternative. PE is somewhat less elastic.
Acetal (POM-C) is distinguished by its dimensional stability. This makes it very suitable for precision applications, for instance. Acetal also has a wide temperature range. It only becomes brittle to a limited extent at temperatures below zero and can even be stressed above 100 degrees Celsius. This also allows it to be sterilised, which in turn makes it useful in hospitals and laboratories. The “C” in “POM C” stands for copolymer. This material is also sensitive to UV light, but has excellent chemical resistance. As a result, acetal (POM C) can also be used in the food industry. Furthermore, acetal is easy to machine, such as milling and turning.
Acetal (POM C) in brief:
You will not find acetal in our product range. As an alternative to acetal, you will find PE or Solid PVC and possibly HDPE 500 and HDPE 1000 in our range.
Delrin is an A-brand name for the material polyoxymethylene (POM), which falls into the POM-H class. This “H” stands for homopolymer. Delrin offers superior mechanical strength, stiffness, hardness and creep resistance. “Creep” means that a material deforms slowly when subjected to a long-term low load. Another key advantage of Delrin is its excellent chemical resistance. Furthermore, Delrin is highly dimensionally stable, making it suitable for precision applications. Delrin also has a wide temperature range, becoming moderately brittle below zero degrees, and can even be stressed above 100 degrees Celsius. This allows you to sterilise Delrin, which is useful in hospitals and laboratories, for example. Finally, Delrin is also easy to chip by milling or turning, for example.
Delrin in brief:
You will not find Delrin in our product range. As alternatives to Delrin, you will find Solid PVC, PE and HDPE 500 and HDPE 1000 in our range.
Engineering plastics are used in various sectors because of their unique properties. Globally, for example, they are commonly used for mechanical plastic units, or as chemical and heat-resistant plastic components. Below are some examples of applications, but be aware that these are only a small selection of all the possible applications of plastic engineering products.
Did you know that…
Engineering plastics are also often used for electrical insulation parts?
There are three ways engineering plastics are made. These methods are:
Extrusion → A continuous process in which the viscous plastic material is forced to flow through a die (mould) and rolled to create a sheet in the desired size with the right thickness. This technique is often used to create thinner sheet thicknesses.
RAM extrusion → This is not a continuous process like normal extrusion. In RAM extrusion, a fixed amount of material is fed through a RAM and thus forced into the correct sheet shape.
Casting → This is simply pouring viscous plastic into a mould. This creates a stress-free material. In engineering products, this is often used for the larger sheet thicknesses.
You can order your engineering plastics in these simple steps:
Not sure yet which engineering plastics you want, and want to see them for yourself first? Then order a sample! You can do this via the product pages of the engineering plastics you are interested in.
Do you have any questions about our products or the ordering process?
We are happy to help you. Please contact our customer service: